Anthroposophic medicine and antimicrobial resistance (AMR)

Rising antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major global health problem - Studies show the significant potential from anthroposophic and other integrative medicine approaches to safely reduce antimicrobial use. Find  IVAAs statement  here.

Have as well a look at the presentation prepared for the CAM Interest Group, European Parliament, Bruxelles 1April 2014 

In November 2015, on occasion of the "Antibiotics Awareness Day", the IVAA together with EUROCAM published the position paper

 The role of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in reducing the problem of antimicrobial resistance

Anthroposophic Medicine at Universities

Anthroposophic Medicine at Universities (July 2012)

AM Teaching at universities/medical schools and training in Europe

In Europe University professorial chairs for AM are established at universities in Germany (Witten-Herdecke and Alfter), and within the context of CAM in Switzerland (Bern). 
AM is taught at medical schools in several EU Member states and in Switzerland. There are different types of teaching at medical schools: 
• integrated into the basic medical curriculum (Austria and Germany, Switzerland).
• provided in specifically tailored curricula (Italy and Spain). 
Introductory courses in AM are offered at universities/medical schools as an optional part of the medical undergraduate curriculum in Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Switzerland. The courses are usually integrated into courses on CAM in general. 
Postgraduate education events in AM for doctors are offered at universities/medical schools in Austria, Germany, Hungary, Latvia and Switzerland. 
Regular postgraduate education events in AM for doctors outside universities/medical schools are provided at private teaching centres in Austria, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Holland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, Norway and Switzerland, usually under the auspices of the national associations of anthroposophic doctors.


AM Teaching at universities/medical schools and training outside Europe

Regular AM teaching at universities is established in Brazil, Peru, The Philippines and in the United States. As the figure shows, private courses are provided in many countries. Anthroposophic education acknowledged for continuous medical education (CME) in Australia, Chile, Israel and New Zealand. The International Postgraduate Medical Training program of the Medical Section at the Goetheanum (IPMT) has contributed significantly to the quality of medical training of anthroposophic doctors in many parts of the world. For details see

Last update 3.7.2016©IVAA 2016


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